The Tomb of Christ in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.


Christianity is nearly 2,000 years old, beginning around 30 CE with the death of Jesus Christ. There is a strong Christian tradition in many parts of the Arab World. Some Arab Christians are the descendants of the very first Christians, and the world’s oldest churches are found in the Arab World. Some church services in the Arab World are still delivered in Aramaic, the language spoken by Christ.


Most Christians in the Arab World belong to the Eastern Rite churches, which are indigenous to the Arab World. These include - the Catholic Antiochian Orthdox (Greek Orthodox), the Catholic Maronite and Melkite churches, Syrian Orthodox churches, and the Egyptian Coptic Church. Most Iraqi Christians belong to the Catholic Chaldean Church. A smaller number of Arab Christians are Protestants converted by 19th century missionaries in Palestine, Syria, and Lebanon. Today, significant populations of Arab Christians also live in Iraq and Egypt.